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Natural Gas & the Environment

The Ultimate “Alternative” Fuel

  • Although there are renewable forms of energy on the horizon that show promise, of the major sources of energy in the United States, natural gas is the cleanest, most efficient, cost effective, and abundant, producing less pollution and fewer greenhouse gasses than its counterparts.


Source: Energy Information Administration (EIA), U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)

  • According to the federal Energy Information Administration (EIA), natural gas”
    • Emits 44 percent less CO2 than electricity,
    • Emits nearly 28 percent less CO2 than fuel oil, and
    • Generates less sulfur dioxide, nitrogen oxides and particulate matter than oil or coal  
      Carbon Dioxide 117,000 164,000 208,000
      Carbon Monoxide 40 33 208
      Nitrogen Oxides 92 448 457
      Sulfur Dioxide 1 1,122 2,591
      Particulates 7 84 2,744
      Mercury 0.0000 0.0007 0.016
    • The cleanliness of gas means that not only does it produce less pollution, but also environmental controls on gas equipment are usually much less expensive than for other fuels.

More Efficient

  • Natural gas appliances are more energy efficient than their electric counterparts.
  • Users conserve energy resources and reduce emissions.
  • While the number of natural gas residential customers increased 71% since 1970, total use of natural gas and greenhouse gases has remained flat. Efficiency graphic: Electricity vs. Natural Gas

Natural Gas - Producing Cleaner Electricity

  • Natural gas is used to generate an increasing amount of electricity, providing over one-fourth of our nation's electricity in 2014.
  • As older, coal-burning electric generation facilities are phased out for environmental reasons, the nation is relying more on natural gas to reduce pollution and total greenhouse gases produced by electric generation. Net Electricity Generation by Fuel

    Source: EIA, DOE

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